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The School Kindness Scale (SKS) for Children and Adolescents 

 John-Tyler Binfet, University of British Columbia OKanagan; Anne M. Gadermann and Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl, University of British Columbia 

Dr. Binfet Profile 

Media Coverage

UBC Okanagan News
InfoTel News

Interview with AM1150 Morning show


"Measuring Kindness at School: Psychometric Properties of a School Kindness Scale for Children and Adolescents"

Permission to Use 

The scale is copyrighted but you are free to use it without charge by all professionals (researchers and practitioners) as long as you give credit to the authors of the scale: John-Tyer Binfet, Anne M. Gadermann and Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl as noted in Psychology in the Schools, Vol. 53(2), 2016. Please send a copy of any publications using the SKS to 

About the "School Kindness Scale for Children"

The School Kindness Scale was developed to students' perceptions of kindness in school. Participants included 1,753 students in Grades 4 to 8 attending public schools in a large school district in southern British Columbia. The pattern of associations of the School Kindness Scale (SKS) to a corpus of theoretically relevant constructs obtained via student self-reports (classroom supportiveness, optimism, happiness, pro-social and social goals, satisfaction with life, and academic self-efficacy) provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity. The SKS was significantly and positively associated with teacher reports on students' empathy, social skills, and peer acceptance. Analyses by gender and grade indicate that students' perceptions of kindness in school decreased from fourth to eighth grade, with fourth-grade students reporting the highest levels of kindness in school and eighth-grade students reporting the lowest levels. The theoretical importance of investigating students' perceptions of kindness in the school context and the practical implications of this research for informing educational efforts to promote social and emotional competencies in school communities are discussed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. 

Download the School Kindness Scale for Children publication

Download the SKS working document

SKS Translations

Translation of the SKS is permitted. Researchers are asked to send a copy of all translated versions of the SKS to, so it may be included here for distribution. 

Publications using the School Kindness Scale

Last reviewed shim10/15/2018 2:21:52 PM